THE FIRST CULTURAL PSYCHIATRY SYMPOSIUM BETWEEN
JAPAN AND KOREA IN SEOUL, 1987
SOCIAL PHOBIA IN JAPAN AND KOREA
Place : Shilla Hotel, Seoul, Korea
Date : February 13-14, 1987
6:00-7:00PM Business Meeting
9:30-9:40AM Opening Address (see *) Bou-Yong Rhi, M.D.
Chairperson : Zuk-Nae Lee, M.D.
9:40-1025 Social Phobia in Japan Yomishi Kasahara, M.D.
10:25-10:45 Formal discussion Kwang-Iel Kim, M.D.
10:45-11:00 Coffee Break
Chairperson : Takeo Doi, M.D.
11:00-12;40 General Discussion
Chairperson : Kazuya Yoshimatsu, M.D.
2:00-2:45PM Social Phobia in Korea Si-Hyung Lee, M.D.
2:45-3:05 Formal Discussion Kyoichi Kondo, M.D.
3:05-3:20 Coffee Break
Chairperson : Ho-Young Lee, M.D.
3:20-5:00 General Discussion
Official Language : English
Topic Presentation for 45min.; Formal Discussion for 20min.
The First Cultural Psychiatry Symposium between Japan and Korea
Place : Shilla Hotel, Seoul.
Date : 6:00-7:00 PM Feb. 13, 1987
Welcoming address (see **) Dr. Bou-Yong Rhi
Address in reply Dr. Kyoichi Kondo
Introduction of members
Korean members……………………………………….Dr. Bou-Yong Rhi
Japanese members……………………………………..Dr. Kyoichi Kondo
- Constitution for new society
1) Name of the group :
2) The role of president-elect :
3) Annual fee of memebership “
4) The role of executive committee :
- Election or recommendation of :
1) President (Feb. 1987 – Feb. 1989) – Prof. Bou-Yong Rhi(elected)(Korea)
2) President-elect (Feb. 1987 – Feb. 1989) – Prof. Kyoichi Kondo(elected)(Japan)
3) Secretary general – Prof. Hwan il, Chang(Korea), Prof. Kenji Kitanishi(Japan)
4) Treasurer – Prof. Hyon Woo Kim(Korea)
- Publication of proceedings of symposium
1) The size of book
2) Copy right
3) The form
- Next symposium
1) Place, time
2) Ideas about theme :
3) Invitation of Chinese colleagues.
- The plan for Chinese participation to our group.
Eaacp the First Business Meeting
My dear colleagues,
I am very happy to see all of you in this joint meeting between Japan and Korea for cultural psychiatry. As representative of the Korean group, I wish to express a hearty welcome to our Japanese members and gratitude for their being here.
As with all neighbour countries in the world, the relationship between Japan and Korea has not always been friendly. Under the Japanese occupation of Korea for 35 Years Koreans were forced to speak Japanese in school instead of our mother tongue. It was a sad history for us, one I need not explain long.
Forty-one years have passed since World War II ended.
The world has become now much closer, and it seems there are almost no prejudices toward neighbour lands especially among professionals of each country.
For about the past fifteen years, Japanese-Korean joint meetings in different medical fields have been active. As Isaac Stern on his trip to mainland China to perform violine once claimed, the best way to overcome cultural barriers is to meet professionals who have a common international language.
So we are now here together, and we as professionals concerned with man’s mind in health and illness shall work together to know each other more deeply.
It has been more than 3 years since we began to plan this meeting. Actually, interactions between Japanese and Korean cultural psychiatrists began far earlier than you probably imagine. Let me review the historical background of our present meeting.
In 1971, I was engaged in the Culture and Mental Health Program of the University of Hawaii as an Open Grant fellow of the East-West Center. There I met Dr. Kyoichi Kondo with whom I shared an office at the Social Science Research Institute of the University Hawaii. We liked each other and chatted about the state of Japanese-Korean, American-Asian relationships, and the like.
We sincerely thought that Japanese and Korean psychiatrists should meet together for the study of cultural psychiatric matters. We agreed to make an effort to try to organize a joint meeting of Japanese and Korean cultural psychiatrists.
However, time passed with no result until 1983. In September 1983, I met Dr. Kondo again in Japan. He told me about Dr. Ogino’s eagerness to establish a joint study group of Japanese and Korean cultural psychiatrists.
Dr. Kondo and I agreed to keep contact with each other to actualize our old plan of forming a Japanese-Korean group of cultural psychiatrists. In May 1984, Dr. Ogino came to Seoul during the 3rd Pacific Congress of Psychiatry. I must confess that I was deeply impressed by his sincerity and passion for research in cultural psychiatry. I was moved to try harder to accomplish our goal. I regret very much that Dr. Ogino cannot be with us now. I hope his health will improve soon so that he can join us in the near future.
In July 1984, I met Dr. Kondo and Dr. Ogino in Tokyo and we discussed the basic philosophy of our activities. We hoped to make a small study group which would meet every year to study intensively certain subjects in cultural psychiatry. Dr. Kondo and I agreed that the group should be formed according to these principles :
- The member should be a psychiatrist whose research interest is in cultural psychiatry.
- It is desirable that members come from different training backgrounds.
- It is desirable that members employ different research methodology.
- And it is desirable that members display a diversity of interest areas in cultural psychiatry.
We also agreed that each of us would select five members, Dr. Kondo for the Japanese group, I for the Korean group. We exchanged the curriculum vitae of the members and are very pleased with everyone’s excellent academic achievements.
We also feel more secure by having two additional members for each group for a total membership of 14. We are especially happy to have Prof. Kasahara, a prominent scholar in cultural psychiatry and Dr. Doi at our meeting, Dr. Doi is well known among Korean psychiatrists because of his book on the structure of Amae.
We are seriously considering, as you know, inviting Taiwanese and Chinese cultural psychiatrists to join our group next time, so that we can then represent an East-Asian study group on cultural psychiatry.
To perform our task in the right way, I believe, we should maintain our professionality and keep a close relationship in fair reciprocity. Therefore, we decided to use English, a third language, as the official language of our symposium, for though English is not our mother tongue, we can distribute our opinions on our research subject in that language into a wider scope of the academic world; We will, however, do our best to communicate with each other as easily as possible. Our excellent translator, Mrs. K. Im will help us for better communication.
I must express my heartfelt gratitude to Dr. Kondo for his great contribution to our common task. I learned much from him, an extremely differentiated feeling and deliberation in conducting things which I suppose is the positive aspect of Japanese mentality, if I may say so.
Though Dr. Kondo and I initiated this organization, it would never have been possible to bring about such a successful outcome if there were no active general secretaries in both countries. I would like to thank Dr. Kitanishi and Dr. Chang for their efforts to make our group viable.
I also wish to thank very much all the participants in our meeting, expecially speakers Dr. Kasahara and Dr. S.H. Lee for their manuscripts and the discussants, Dr. Kondo and Dr. K. I. Kim, for their contributions to the upcoming symposium. We are all eagerly looking forward to their presentations and discussions. I am especially grateful to Dr. Shi Hyung Lee who helped us enormously with all kinds of administrative support. Without his cooperation, we could not have such a nice place and fine food. Please give him your applause.
I hope our Japanese colleagues will have a good time during their stay in Seoul, though it is too short a time for much relaxation. We Korean members will make our best efforts at making your stay in Korea comfortable and meaningful.
Prof. Bou-Yong Rhi
Organizing Committee of the First Cultural Psychiatry
Symposium between Japan and Korea
|Takeo Doi, M.D.
Ex-Director, National Institute of
Mental Health, Tokyo
|Bou-Yong Rhi, M.D.
Professor, Dept. of Neuropsychiatry,
Seoul National Univ. School of
|Yomishi Kasahara, M.D.
Professor and Chairman Dept. of
Neuropsychiatry Nagoya University
School of Medicine, Nagoya
|Ho-Young Lee, M.D.
Professor and Chairman, Dept. of
Psychiatry Yonsei Univ. School of
|Kyoichi Kondo, M.D.
Chief, Neuropsychiatric Service,
Machida City Hospital, Tokyo
|Si-Hyung Lee, M.D.
Chairman, Dept. Of Neuropsychiatry,
Korea General Hospital, Seoul
|Kazuya Yoshimatsu, M.D.
Head, Division of Social Psychiatry,
Psychiatric Research Institute of
|Kwang-Iel Kim, M.D.
Professor and Chairman, Dept. of
Psychiatry, Han Yang Univ. School
of Medicine, Seoul
|Satoru Saito, M.D.
Head, Division of Sociopathology,
Psychiatric Research Institute of
|Zuk-Nae Lee, M.D.
Assoc. Professor, Dept. of Neuro-
Psychiatry, Kyung-pook Univ.
School of Medicine, Taegu
|Yoshihiro Narita, M.D.
Director, Dept. of Psychiatry,
Chukyo Hospital, Nagoya
|Hwan-Il Chang, M.D.
Professor and Chairman, Dept. of
Neuropsychiatry, Kyung Hee Univ.
School of Medicine, Seoul
|Kenji Kitanishi, M.D.
Chief, Dept. of Neurology &
Psychiatry, Jikei Daisan Hospital,
|Hyun-Woo Kim, M.D.
Head, Neuropsychiatric Dept.,
National Medical Center, Seoul
Constitution of The East Asian Academy of Cultural Psychiatry
Passed by the undersigned seven Korean and seven Japanese participants of The First Cultural Psychiatry Symposium between Japan and Korea in Seoul, February 13-14, 1987.
The name of the Group is :
THE EAST-ASIAN ACADEMY OF CULTURAL PSYCHIATRY (EAACP)
The EAACP is an international organization of culturally-oriented psychiatrists in East-Asian Countries. It’s aims are :
- To promote the study of cultural psychiatry.
- To exchange the knowledge and experiences of cultural psychiatry
- To promote cultural interchange between East-Asian Countries.
- To hold Congresses.
The membership of the EAACP shall be composed of psychiatrists of East-Asian countries who are interested in cultural psychiatry.
They shall be limited in number according to the unanimous consent of all members. The promoting members shall be composed of the members of The first cultural Psychiatry Symposium in Seoul, February 13-14, 1987.
- Privileges and Obligations of Members
Members are entitled to attend all meetings of EAACP, to address all meeting, and to have the right to vote.
Members are obliged to pay an annual subscription, the amout of which shall be determined by the EAACP meetings.
Congresses shall, if possible, be held at regular intervals of not more than two years. The Executive Committee shall decide the time and place of the Congress.
- The Executive Committee
The Executive Committee shall be appointed by the Ordinary Meeting of The EAACP members and shall hold the office until the next Ordinary Meeting. It shall consist of ;
- The President who shall be Chairman.
- The president-elect who shall be a host of the next congress and shall be elected among members of countries other than that of president.
- Secretary-In –General recommended by the president.
- Treasurer recommended by the president
The term of the President and President-elect shall be two years or until their successors assume the office.
- Amendments of Articles
Amendments of Articles can be made by the meeting of all members, a two-third majority of those present being necessary.
EAACP The First Symposium 1978. 2. 14
It is my great pleasure to open the first academic meeting of Japanese and Korean psychiatrists devoted to the study of cultural psychiatry.
Since Emil Kraepelin’s studies on comparative psychiatry at the dawn of the 20th century, cultural issues in mental illness has become one of the important subjects of psychiatric consideration.
Approaches to mental health problems have been made by cultural anthropologists as well as psychiatrists, psychologists, and many other investigators from related fields. The study has been called comparative psychiatry, ethnopsychiatry, and transcultural or crosscultural psychiatry.
The first and most important achievement of these investigations was the discovery of the differences among cultures and of men in different cultures and the acknowledgement of the importance of non-Western cultures which had been regarded until then as somewhat exotic, primitive or inferior in comparison to Western civilization.
Such acknowledgement was a step forward in Weltanschauung from the ego-centeredness and arrogance that prevailed in Western culture especially in its expansive period during the 19th century.
Transcultural psychiatry has enabled us to become more clearly aware of man’s mental health problems, without blindly identifying all men from different cultures as the same or similar. However, it seems to me that this field of psychiatry can easily fall into errors, first, by a certain superficiality in understanding other cultures caused by the investigator’s lack of knowledge about the foreign cultural tradition and second, by neglecting the commonality and universality of cultures which was caused by a one-sided interest in cultural differences.
To overcome such weaknesses, I believe, we need to do two things. First, we need a change of viewpoint regarding cultural problems, namely, to consider not only the differences but also the features common to all culture as a whole. Second, we need closer observation of cases and more detailed examination of their cultural background.
We call this approach “Cultural Psychiatry,” and we are here to fulfill these tasks. East Asian cultures have common components and yet seem to have both subltle and distinct differences. It is more than necessary for cultural psychiatrists from Asian countries to meet together and to work together to elucidate the influences of their own cultures upon mental health problems and to conduct more intensive comparisons. We now start the first step of such work and hope for the participation of China and Taiwan in the near future.
Our members are from diverse research interests and have different standpoints and approaches toward research in cultural psychiatry. This diversity, I believe, shall bring more fruitful results through stimulating discussions.
As the president of the Academy and the Korean representative of the organizing committee for this symposium, I express my heartfelt gratitude especially to my Japanese colleagues who understand the meaning of our meeting and who have joined with us willingly in this historic movement.
I believe this academic meeting will promote not only reciprocal understanding among East Asian cultures but also promote the development of the field of cultural psychiatry as a whole.
- 2. 14.
Prof. Bou-Yong Rhi
East-Asian Academy of Cultural Psychiatry
New Year Greetings from President
December. 30, 1987
The time has passed fast since we met together in February this year in the Hotel Shilla where we exchanged hot discussions and experienced each other’s cultures. We stand now before the dawn of a new year.
Both directly and indirectly, I have received encouraging responses from individual members of our academy about our Symposium, and I regret, that I could not respond to each member before this.
We expect with great pleasure our academy’s second symposium in Nagoya, Japan, in early December 1988 when we will discuss under suicide in a cultural context. We all know well that our Japanese colleagues are making great efforts to make the symposium fruitful and meaningful. I hope to give you a detailed program soon.
The publication of the proceedings of our symposium in February 1987 is going on a bit slowly. However, I am sure that it will be published by the autumn of 1988 at the latest, perhaps even earlier, if all of our members make an effort in this matter. Please note the detailed instructions of the general secretary of our academy following this letter.
The participation of Chinese colleagues will be discussed further in the executive committee. We hope they can join us in the next symposium becoming new members of our academy. Please give us your stimulating suggestions.
Enclosed you will find photos from February last year which will refresh your memory on our meeting in Seoul.
Best wishes to you a Happy New Year !
Prof. Bou-Yong Rhi
Greeting of the past president (1987-1988)
Dec. 2, 1988
My dear colleagues,
It is my great pleasure to hand over the duty and responsibility of the president of East Asian Academy of Cultural Psychiatry to Dr. Kyoichi Kondo, who is now president of the Academy for the year 1989-1990.
I am so delighted to recognize that our Japanese colleagues have in the mean time excellently prepared for our Symposium. I express my hearty gratitude to all of Japanese colleagues, expecially to Dr. Kondo, the president of organizing committee of our symposium and Professor Kasahasa, who is in my opinion, not only Tojudaekam, “master of house ground”(tutelary spirit of a house site”, a genills loci) of Nagoya, and leader of Japanese psychiatric association, but also our host at this meeting.
Dr. Kondo and I gave efforts since May this year to make contact with a prominent cultural psychiatrist in Taiwan, professor Hsien Rin to invite members from Chinese culture so that Academy gets a complete form appropriate to its name “East Asian” Academy. Fortunately, we had a positive reaction from professor Rin. Dr. Kondo shall report it more in detail.
I regret that I can not distribute today the proceedings of our first symposium in Seoul to you. It is now in press, but due to the correction and edition of the general discussion it takes a little more time than we expected. We will try to publish it in this year. I am afraid, however, you might not fully satisfied with the final form of the proceeding, for we could not include the entire content of discussion prepared by Japanese colleagues after the symposium which was too long and in detail in contrast to original content of discussion. Therefore, we remained at the original content of discussion with only limited addition of some comments. I hope, next time, you will perform this task of publication more efficiently.
My dear colleagues,
I close my address now with my utmost thanks to the members of the executive committee. The secretary in general, Dr. Kitanishi, and Dr. Chang, the treasurer, Dr. kim for their excellent assistance for various administrative works of the academy. Thank you all of you for your eagerness and emotional support in promoting of cultural psychiatry in East Asia.